Cazenga Forum is a digital space for dialogue

Cazenega Forum on AngoNet is a digital space for dialogue between communities and local government in Luanda about planning and development. This website is a platform for sharing information about basic services in Cazenga that was created by Cazenga Forum members through participatory mapping and urban assessments with residents.

The data here marks a moment in time: this website provides a benchmark so that a few years from now, residents can ask whether conditions have improved in Cazenga and have concrete reference points to know whether they have.

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Mapping Cazenga

Population Density Heatmap

Population Density by Neighborhood

Percentage annual population growth (2000 - 2008)

Structures added and demolished between 2008 and 2010

Percentage of new structures between 2008 and 2010 by neighborhood

Environmental vulnerability

Stand-pipes

MDG Analysis - Indicator 1 (Overcrowding)

MDG Analysis - Indicator 2 (Tenure Security)

MDG Analysis - Indicator 3 (Durable Structures)

MDG Analysis - Indicator 4 (Access to Safe Water)

MDG Analysis - Indicator 5 (Access to Improved Sanitation)

MDG Analysis - Overall Ranking

Density measures how many people there are living in each hectare. Cazenga has very high population density: 306 people per hectare – a hectare is a little smaller than the size of a football field. Population density in Cazenga is more than double the density in Ingombota.

Density measures how many people there are living in each hectare. Cazenga has very high population density: 306 people per hectare – a hectare is a little smaller than the size of a football field. Population density in Cazenga is more than double the density in Ingombota.

Some areas of the city are growing faster than others. Cazenga added a little more than 250,000 residents between 2000 and 2008. The population increased at a rate of 3.2%. This is a slower rate of growth than other areas of the city like Vianna where there is more open land for housing.

Development Workshop created a map of the buildings in Luanda. The map shows where new buildings have been constructed and where buildings have been demolished between 2008 and 2010. In the last few years, most new houses are being constructed in the eastern areas of Cazenga.

Development Workshop created a map of the buildings in Luanda. The map shows where new buildings have been constructed and where buildings have been demolished between 2008 and 2010. In the last few years, most new houses are being constructed in the eastern areas of Cazenga.

As open land has become scarce, some residents have built housing near vulnerable areas such as lagoons, gullies, and streams that often flood. There are 1,950 houses with 13,600 residents in these areas of risk in Cazenga.

Few residents in Cazenga have access to the public piped water system, so many obtain water at stand-pipes. This map shows the locations of stand-pipes in Hoji ya Henda and the areas within 100- and 200-meter walking distances from them. While many stand-pipes have been constructed, many families still have to walk far to access water.

Persons per hecatre:
0-125,000
125,000-250,000
250,000-375,000
375,000-500,000
500,000-625,000
625,000+
Percentage:
N/A
-15-0
0-15
15-30
30-45
45-60
60+
Structures Added 2008 - 2010
Structures Demolished 2008 - 2010
Percentage:
0-3
3-10
10-20
20-100
100+
100m buffers
200m buffers
Standpost
Score:
1
2
3
Score:
1
2
3
Score:
1
2
3
Score:
1
2
3
Score:
1
2
3
Score:
1 - 1.5
1.5 - 2.5
2.5 - 3
Typologies:
Assentamentos Rurais
Autoconstrucao Dirigida
Bairro Popular
Habitacoes Sociais
Musseques Antigos
Musseques de Transicao
Musseques Ordenados
Musseques Perifericos
Urbanizacao Antiga
Urbanizacao Nova
Zona Industrial

Cazenga is growing everyday as people move to Luanda and come to the area to find employment and housing. The arrival of so many new people influences what kinds of housing are available, what streets are like, and whether people face physical risks.

(Source: Development Workshop Survey, 2012)

Cazenga Atlas Survey

In 2012, the Forum surveyed over 3,000 households about basic services and the conditions of the built environment in Cazenga. The results of the survey are presented in the Cazenza Atlas along with other data collected by Development Workshop.

Population

Cazenga is located south-east of the center of the city and has over 1,250,000 residents, making it the fourth most populous municipality in Luanda.

Luanda Population 2008-2010
Cazenga Age Pyramid

Cazenga has a “youth bulge” since over one-third of residents are under the age of 24. This means that there is a very large number of people who need education so that when the youth are older, they will have the skills required to find employment.

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Water

Only 14% of residents have public water service in Cazenga. Most residents access water at standpipes where 95% of households pay more than the real price of 5 kwanza for a 20-liter container.

SOLUTION: AMOGECS are committees of residents who volunteer to manage stand-pipes. They contribute to selecting locations for stand-pipes and maintaining them so that residents have access to water. Local government is currently creating new household water connections that will benefit more than 10,000 houses in the first phase of the project.

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Sanitation

Only 21% of households have a connection to a sewer system. This is slightly less than the proportion of households with sewer connections in Luanda as a whole.

SOLUTION: Between 2004 and 2006, local government, churches, and NGOs worked together to install latrines for households in Cazenga.

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Waste

More households report weekly rubbish collection in Cazenga than in Luanda as a whole. Even so, more than half of households think the neighborhood is “dirty".

SOLUTION: The municipal waste collection program sends teams to bairros to collect waste.

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Housing

As more people move to Cazenga, physical vulnerability that results from high population density, overcrowding in housing, and living in vulnerable areas near lagoons and gullies increases. There are, for example, 1,950 homes in vulnerable areas that flood.

Luanda = 7.5 People / HH
Cazenga = 9.3 People / HH

SOLUTION: A young architect who lives in Cazenga is working with residents to develop upgrading ideas for housing and the bairro.

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Education

The range of estimations of the number of students who will be entering the education system in the next five years is very large – 106,979 to 332,160 children. At the same time, 47% of schools are currently in need of repair.

School Going Age Children Out of School
Children Out of School
School Going Age Children (Official)

School Going Age Children (Survey)

SOLUTION: Crechés prepare young children to gain entrance to primary school. These community-run schools make up for the lack of public education facilities.

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Health

There are only nine public health facilities in Cazenga to serve over 1 million residents. Thirty percent of households reported cases of malaria among children during the previous month.

SOLUTION: Mosquito nets are distributed by the Ministry of Health to families through local health centers and crechés. This program has resulted in reduced cases of malaria in Cazenga.

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Learn More about the Forum and Download the Full Atlas Here